Need help to create a french illume keyboard
helge.hafting at hist.no
Mon Jan 5 15:18:01 CET 2009
Xavier Cremaschi wrote:
> Hi all,
> I am currently looking at keyboards layout in
> The syntax seems simple :
> key x y w h
> normal ' apostrophe
> shift " quotedbl
> capslock ' apostrophe
> But I cannot find any doc/blog/thread/keyboard with "composing features"
> in it.
There is composition for ` ' ^ " ~ as well as some others.
This is achieved via "dead keys", press the ^ key first (nothing
happens) then press o, and you get an ô. similiar for all the others.
(`'^"~) If you want a ^ sign without a vowel under it, press the ^
followed by space.
Example of such a key:
key 375 30 30 30
normal " dead_diaeresis
shift ^ dead_circumflex
capslock ~ dead_tilde
For a complete example, take a look at:
Here you find a Norwegian keyboard, with these 5 dead keys: ^"~`'
You can download a package, or just the Norwegian.kbd file.
Feel free to use it as a starting point for other languages.
> I need to put "few" big keys (for fingers, not stylus).
If you need a bigger key, use the "w" and "h" you mention above.
Look at the Terminal keyboard. The spacebar is wider because
it has a bigger "w" setting.
> I also need to write in French or Spanish so I need to easily write any
> combination of aeiou (respectively AEIOU) and ´`^¨ (and also Ñ ñ Ç ç...)
The Norwegian keyboard provides examples for Ñ and ñ.
I think you need to use dead_cedilla to get Ç and ç, unless you
want to create a key just for the ç.
To find _all_ the symbols, special keys and dead keys possible, try
strings /usr/lib/libX11.so.6 | less
There will be lots of uninteresting output too, look for stuff
that look like key names. Or pipe it all to a file, and search
the file later.
Perhaps there are other ways of composing as well. The dead key
approach is easy to learn though.
> On my computers I usually use QWERTY keyboard with "US International",
> which gives powerful composing possibilities to the user, see :
> Therefore I would like to create this kind of key :
> key x y w h
> normal e "e"
> shift E "E"
> diacritic1 é "é"
> diacritic2 è "è"
> diacritic3 ê "ê"
> shift+diacritic1 É "É"
> shift+diacritic2 È "È"
> shift+diacritic3 Ê "Ê"
You don't need to change anything for the "e" key to get this.
If you add dead keys for `'^, then you will get èéê automatically, and
the same for all other vowels as well.
> I would like :
> - to have 3 or 4 toggles that would modify the key layout and behaviour
> (like the weel-known shift key that e->E or E->e)
So far I only found three shift states that can
be specified freely:
* normal (no shift)
It'd be interesting to know if there are more, then I could have
the euro sign in its proper place instead of a capslock kludge.
> - or to have one super "shift" key with multiple states, which would
> cycle between 4 or 5 states, for example normal_keyboard, ´_keyboard,
> `_keyboard, ^_keyboard
Dead keys gives you `_keyboard, '_keyboard, "_keyboard, ^_keyboard,
~_keyboard, cedille_keyboard and quite a few others. :-) libX11.so
seems to have provisions for 20 different dead keys.
An extra shiftstate could be interesting to get symbols that aren't
merely modifications of ascii letters. Dead keys handle the rest.
I haven't figured out more shiftstates though.
On the other hand, there is always the option of having one or more
"symbol" keyboards with really special stuff.
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